Periodontitis & Peri-Implantitis – What’s the Difference?

There are some dental problems that are common and affect the majority of people around us. While it can be attributed to bad oral habits, there can be other related reasons as well that could be the cause of dental problems. In addition, there are periodontal problems that are commonly seen.

Periodontitis 101

Periodontitis is the most common form of periodontal disease. Almost 80 percent of the people around us are affected by periodontitis, irrespective of their gender, sex, or age. In common parlance, periodontitis is caused by inflammation and infection of the gums and is manifested by bone loss around the teeth. Over a period of time this takes a serious turn and slowly eats away at the jawbone. This is turn weakens the area around the teeth and loosens them completely, resulting in possible tooth loss. This will increase the possibility of plaque. Dental sockets or loosed areas get infested with plaque. The entire dental zone gets weakened to the point where other infections can start nesting and cause more harm than can be comprehended.


Types of Periodontitis

There are different kinds of periodontitis. Chronic, aggressive periodontitis, Necrotizing Ulcerative periodontitis, to name a few. Most of these are symptomized by loosened teeth, very sensitive dental zones, swollen and discolored gums, bad breath, and bumps around the gums.

Treatments for Periodontitis

When one is affected by periodontitis it entails deep cleaning. Just brushing and flossing does not help. Scaling and root planing is necessary to remove the plaque and other infections that have set in. It is also necessary to visit your dentist. If the condition is too serious, often bone surgery is recommended.

Peri-Implantitis 101

Peri-Implantitis, on the other hand, is a localized lesion involving bone loss around an implant. It is serious condition. Normally implants are known to last a lifetime. Peri-Implantitis causes premature disintegration and loosens the implants. It comes to a point where the implants have a tendency to come off. The area gets inflamed along with occasional bleeding. The symptoms are similar to that of periodontitis. The treatment procedures are also very similar to that of periodontitis, but more intense and often surgery based. Peri-Implantitis cannot be cured just by good oral hygiene or external treatments, and entails surgical procedures.